Modern CPR and many other first aid practices are somewhat common knowledge for the majority of adults in the US, even if that knowledge is often informed through television and movies. Although the general function and purpose of CPR are widely known, only around 18% of our national population has current CPR certification. While this low certification rate could be improved, there are surveys that show that around 65% of adults in the US have had CPR training at some point. The basics of hands-only CPR are easy to learn, however, and the application of hands-only CPR can double the chances of survival. If you are in need of courses for certification, CPR4LIFE USA offers multiple options, including blended learning and workplace training. For a complete CPR/AED course in Minneapolis, MN, check out our available classes and join a program today.
It’s safe to say that despite the lower rates of current certification in the US, most people would be able to perform basic CPR in an emergency. This hasn’t always been the case, of course. The history of CPR is a long one that started as far back as the early 1500s.
1530: The first resuscitation methods using bellows were applied by Swiss doctor Paracelsus.
1732: For the first time in recorded history, Scottish surgeon William Tossach successfully resuscitated a coal miner with mouth-to-mouth breathing.
1775: Danish vet Peter Abildgaard shocked a chicken twice, stopping and then restoring its heart.
1856: London doctor Marshall Hall developed the Hall Method of resuscitation, which involved turning a patient on their side and then back repeatedly to restore breathing.
1891: German surgeon Friedrich Maass first advocated for external chest compressions for resuscitation in addition to ventilation.
1924: The American Heart Association is formed.
1947: The first successful use of an electric defibrillator on a human heart occurred in Cleveland.
More History on CPR
1956: The AHA funds a study that successfully restores rhythm to a quivering heart using an external defibrillator.
1957: Johns Hopkins releases the first portable external defibrillator.
1960: Mouth-to-mouth breathing and chest compressions are combined to become the earliest form of modern CPR.
1966: CPR training standards are universalized in the US through the efforts of the American National Red Cross and the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences.
1972: The first mass CPR training program is launched, and it would go on to train over 100,000 people in the first two years.
1981: 911 dispatchers are trained to provide over-the-phone CPR instruction.
1988: The AHA introduces pediatric courses, pediatric BLS, and pediatric advanced life support to CPR programs.
1990s: AEDs and other defibrillation programs are made accessible in public spaces.
From the early 2000s to today, there have been various updates and adjustments to CPR training standards, but by the 1990s, modern education in a CPR/AED course was largely solidified.
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